Research design

Job: Formative research on SBCC to address GBV, GEF and SRHR at Plan International

Plan International works to advance children’s rights and equality for girls everywhere. As an independent humanitarian and development organization, we work alongside children, young people, our supporters and partners to tackle the root causes of the challenges faced by girls and all vulnerable children. We support children’s rights from birth until they reach adulthood and empower children to prepare for and respond to crises and adversity. We drive change in practice and policy at local, national and global levels using our reach, experience and knowledge. For more than 80 years, we have been building powerful partnerships for children and we are active in more than 75 countries. Plan International works in 70 countries in Africa, Asia, Europe and the Americas. Plan’s global strategic goals (2017-2022) are to advance children’s rights and equality for girls and our ambition is “together we make 100 million girls learn, lead, decide and thrive”. “. We reach as many children as possible, especially those who are excluded or marginalized through the delivery of high quality programs that deliver lasting benefits to children and their communities. Plan International Nigeria is part of the global federation of Plan International and was registered as a national organization in 2014 in Nigeria. Our intervention is currently focused on Protection (GBV and CP), basic education; improve community health services, youth and citizen participation in governance and create economic opportunities and livelihoods for those most in need, building resilient communities through our emergency and humanitarian response in the Northeast. Plan Nigeria works with communities, civil society organizations, development partners, government at all levels and the private sector. For the context of the project, the purpose of the consulting engagement, the intended users of this report, the methodology, the scope of work, the roles and responsibilities of the consultant, the schedule and estimated working days and the report format:

Purpose of the consultancy mission:

Formative research is essential to designing an effective strategy in any SBCC project. However, integrated SBCC programs must take into account additional nuances and considerations. Before designing an integrated SBCC strategy, it is necessary to conduct some level of formative research to better understand the audiences and the health topics and behaviors we plan to address. The results of this research will be used to inform the development of our SBCC strategy.

For the ASPIRE project, formative research will focus on women, men and adolescent girls and boys on sexual and reproductive health and rights (SRHR), gender equality (GE), child protection ( CP), in particular gender-based violence (GBV)

In general, this formative research should uncover what people currently know, think, feel, and do about relevant topics and behaviors, and understand their motivations and barriers to changing or adopting new behaviors, for example, women , men and adolescent girls and boys’ behaviours, understanding of SRHR, GE and child protection as well as society’s acceptance of the rights of women and men, adolescent girls and boys. In addition, the parents and guardians of the teenagers must be integrated to achieve the set objective, because the teenagers and teenagers

need parental care and financial support before accessing and using some of the SRHR, CM and child protection services.

In integrated SBCC programs, formative research should also help determine if and how different topics and behaviors relate to each other. Both types of information will help the program and partners determine what to include in an integrated SBCC strategy and provide insight into how best to do so. Engage broad representation of stakeholders at all levels (e.g. communities, leaders and other stakeholders) when identifying issues to be addressed.

Plan International Canada, with funding from Global Affairs Canada and individual donors, works in partnership with selected international NGOs and local NGOs to improve the realization of the sexual and reproductive health and rights of adolescent girls and women, including vulnerable populations in Bauchi and Sokoto states.

The project aims to address patriarchal and gender norms, poor societal attitudes towards mental illness, low social status of women, unplanned pregnancies and early marriage, little or no sex education and protection education, unpaid care work, gender-based violence, weak health systems that lack mental health and protection services, especially for Almajiris, Minimal access to information on SRHR by the through formal and informal education systems, especially in Islamic schools (Tsangaya and Islamiyya), Limited access to SRHR services, including contraception and family planning.

3. Intended users of this report

Plan International Nigeria and Plan International Canada staff will be the primary users of the formative research results. In addition, key project stakeholders, such as government ministries/implementing agencies, NGO partners, local authorities and communities are the parties interested in the results.

4. Methodology

As this is formative research, the methodology and tools will include more traditional approaches, such as focus group discussions (FGD) or in-depth interviews (IDI). Less traditional, user-centric ethnographic techniques include direct observation, immersion, mystery shopper experiences, interactions with spaces, stakeholder journey mapping, photo diaries, obtaining photos and card sorting. These less conventional methodologies can help provide more comprehensive insights into the target audience’s understanding and experience with thematic areas, and yield unexpected and actionable insights.

5. Scope of work

The main objectives of Aspire Formative Researcher may include:

  • Establish a baseline/benchmark for certain approved indicators of the project’s expected results.
  • Provide information to set realistic and achievable goals for the BCC and Media Content project.
  • Provide relevant information and evidence as a basis for a
  • qualitative assessment of gender equality and child protection (to be carried out later under separate terms of reference and contract)
  • Provide evidence on key contextual factors and verify Plan International’s understanding of the situation in the project implementation areas in Bauchi and Sokoto states comprising 10 LGAs in Bauchi and 23 LGAs in Sokoto.

6. Roles and responsibilities of the consultant:

  • Review project documents including Performance Measurement Framework (PMF), baseline study report if available
  • Obtain research ethics approvals in accordance with national and state guidelines, including paying particular attention to unique ethical considerations related to conducting studies/research with and about children and youth in general, and on highly sensitive topics (vs. )
  • Recruit translators, enumerators/data collectors and field supervisors (if required) and data entry clerks, ensuring gender balance and as needed;
  • Prepare and organize training for enumerators/data collectors/supervisors with support from Plan International Nigeria, including co-facilitating a component on gender equality and child protection with Plan International staff ;
  • Ensure that all tools are translated into local languages ​​(Hausa) and tested in a safe and meaningful way with women, adolescent girls and men before enumerator training;
  • Prepare a plan for carrying out data collection in the field.
  • Data collection using Plan International, one of the approved methods, with technical inputs from Plan Nigeria and the CNO M&E technical team.
  • Oversee data collection, including piloting, supervision and spot-checking;
  • Oversee data entry in accordance with agreed software and established data entry protocols;
  • Ensure that all original data collections (whether in paper or electronic form) of raw data are retained and submitted to Plan International Nigeria, along with the training tools, along with the final data
  • Write the study report incorporating feedback from Plan International Canada and Plan International Nigeria and the data sharing workshop.
  • Collaborate with Plan International to incorporate all comments provided to create the final report.
  • During the consultation, the following deliverables are expected:
  • Initial report
  • Data collection tools
  • Surveyor/supervisor training plan and surveyor training and management report
  • Translation based on the use and needs of the local language (Hausa).
  • The consultant will be responsible for hiring staff and other logistical aspects. All costs associated with carrying out the study will be the sole responsibility of the consultant hired and must be included in the financial proposal.
  • Arrange own logistics for transportation of enumerators and field supervisors.
  • Make sure all tools are translated into local languages ​​and tested with AG&YW, and before surveyor training.
  • Ensure strict adherence to COVID-19 protocols, including local and national government guidelines.

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